Codeine is often found in many different types of drugs. It is made from opium, and can be used as a prescription pain medication to treat mild to moderate pain. Codeine may be combined with acetaminophen to create Tylenol 3. It can also be used as a cough suppressant. In fact, codeine is the primary ingredient in most prescription-grade cough suppressants.
Codeine can induce a sense of euphoria and relaxation. Those who abuse this drug can easily develop both dependence and tolerance to it. Learn more about codeine addiction and abuse from this guide.
Codeine has a long history. This chemical was first isolated in 1832 by a chemist called Pierre Robiquet. This drug drew a lot of attention, as it was regarded as one of the safest opiates to ever be discovered.
Codeine was also then added to some prescription opioids to treat mild to moderate pain. It’s important to note that any medications that contain codeine are not usually recommended for children or anyone under the age of 18.
Codeine comes in many different forms and strengths. This opioid is always taken orally. The different forms of codeine available in the US include:
The dose and form of codeine prescribed will vary depending on why it is prescribed. Upon being digested, codeine will break down into morphine. Codeine can also be combined with various other chemicals, like acetaminophen or dexphen.
Pop culture has been pushing a new type of drug known as “lean”, “sizzurp” or “purple drank”. Rappers are referencing this drug in many new hit singles, and it’s commonly talked about by celebrities and even actors.
Nowadays, drugs influence pop culture. Many celebrities talk about drugs in such a casual manner that it feels as if doing drugs is normal. This has led to a surge of addiction rates among young adults and teenagers.
Lean or purple drank is actually a homemade concoction made from codeine, Sprite and purple Jolly Ranchers. To make this drink, one would mix codeine and Sprite together first. They would then throw several purple Jolly Ranchers into the beverage and wait until they dissolve.
This codeine beverage will induce mild euphoria and a sense of dissociation. Those who drink this concoction will often lean to one side, which is where the name of the drug comes from.
Lean is incredibly addictive. More terrifyingly, it’s easy to overdose on this drug. Rap legends, like DJ Screw and Pimp C, have overdosed from this deadly drug. This drug is even more dangerous if it is mixed with other drugs and alcohol. If lean is taken with another depressant, it can lead to rapid cardiac and respiratory depression or failure.
Recognizing the signs and symptoms of a codeine addiction is not easy. Many people are sure that they are not addicted to codeine, but rather using it for recreational purposes. They think that they are merely having fun, and that they don’t have to worry yet.
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-V or DSM 5) uses 11 different criteria to diagnose an addiction. Those who are addicted to codeine will meet two or more of the following criteria:
Anyone who meets two to three criteria will be diagnosed with a mild codeine addiction. Anyone who meets four or five criteria will be diagnosed with a moderate codeine addiction, and anyone who meets six or more criteria will be diagnosed with a severe addiction.
Every addict’s story is different. Each person will come to terms with his or her addiction in a different way. Read opioid addiction stories to see how others may have come to the realization that they were addicted to a substance.
Codeine is often found in prescription cough syrup. As cough syrup doesn’t seem dangerous, many people are not aware of the side effects involved with abusing codeine. Some common short-term and long-term side effects of codeine abuse include:
Some of the more serious side effects of misusing codeine include permanent brain damage and coma. The intensity and type of side effects that each substance abuser will experience will vary.
A major side effect of abusing codeine is serotonin syndrome. This condition happens when too much serotonin accumulates within a person’s body. Although serotonin is a natural chemical produced by the body, too much serotonin can lead to some pretty serious side effects. In severe cases, serotonin syndrome can be fatal.
Serotonin syndrome ranges from mild to severe. Some common symptoms of this syndrome include:
In general, the milder forms of this syndrome will usually disappear within a day. It’s the more serious forms that need to be addressed by a medical professional. Fortunately, serotonin syndrome is often fairly easy to treat.
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Anyone who is attempting to recover from a codeine addiction will likely experience withdrawal symptoms. This is the brain’s way for overcorrecting the artificial influx of chemicals caused by codeine. This flood of panicked signals will throw the body into complete disarray. Withdrawal symptoms show that the user has developed a chemical and physical dependence on the drugs.
Most codeine abusers will not experience all withdrawal symptoms. They will only experience a selection of them. Some of the most common withdrawal symptoms for codeine addiction include:
As codeine is a mild opioid, it is not as dangerous as heroin or other strong opioids. Recovering drug users rarely experience life-threatening withdrawals.
The withdrawal timeline for each substance will vary. Codeine withdrawals typically follow the same timeline as other opioid withdrawals. There will be some discrepancies based on factors like:
In comparison to other opioids, like heroin, the withdrawal symptoms will usually take longer to appear. Most heavy users will experience their first withdrawal symptoms approximately 12 hours after their last dose. With that said, some drug users only start experiencing withdrawal symptoms two days after their last dose.
In general, the physical withdrawal symptoms will last anywhere from 7 to 14 days. By the end of the second week, most drug users will not be plagued with any intense withdrawal symptoms. They are only left with psychological withdrawal symptoms, like cravings, anxiety and even depression.
Professional addiction treatment can make a huge difference when it comes to one’s recovery. Those who seek addiction treatment services from recovery centers, like The Evergreen at Northpoint, are more likely to achieve their recovery goals. They will have an easier time dealing with cravings, and will also learn crucial recovery skills that help them manage addictive behaviors.
Different rehab centers will have various features to offer. For example, some addiction recovery facilities offer gender-specific treatment while others may specialize in holistic treatment approaches. Some recovery centers may offer additional amenities and services, like spa services and equine therapy.
Research what each facility has to offer before making a decision. Make sure that the treatment facility chosen has Joint Commission Accreditation. This basically means that it meets a certain standard of care.
When choosing a codeine addiction treatment facility, most people will quickly learn that there are two different types of rehabs: inpatient rehab and outpatient rehab. They differ in the level of care that they can provide. The Evergreen at Northpoint is an outpatient treatment center. Let’s take a look at the differences between the two:
Each type of rehab program can offer different pros and cons. As an addiction to codeine is generally considered fairly mild, most drug users can get away with opting for outpatient care.
There are many benefits associated with choosing an outpatient treatment center, like The Evergreen at Northpoint, which is located in Everett, Washington. Let’s take a look at some of the reasons why some codeine addicts will prefer an outpatient program over an inpatient one.
Although outpatient treatment programs require less commitment than inpatient treatment programs, this doesn’t mean that they’re not a good option. Studies show that outpatient treatment programs are just as effective as inpatient ones.
The first part of almost all addiction treatment programs involves medical detox. Detox involves the use of medications to return chemical levels within the body back to normal. Many different medications can be used to treat a codeine addiction. The type of medication used will depend on the rehab center, as well as the severity of the withdrawal symptoms that patients exhibit.
Some medications are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) specifically for treating opioid and opiate withdrawals. Other medications treat specific symptoms. Common medications often used during detox include:
It’s important to note that benzodiazepines and opioid medications like naltrexone and methadone are often prescribed sparingly. This is because both types of drugs come with a potential for abuse. Those who misuse or abuse methadone or buprenorphine can develop a secondary addiction. This secondary addiction can be equally as difficult to treat.
The type and dose of medications prescribed will vary from one patient to another. Most addiction experts recommend inpatient detox because this allows them to monitor each patient’s progress. Addiction specialists can alter the treatment plan if patients recover more quickly or if they react in an unfavorable way to certain medications.
Although codeine is a mild opioid, it’s still possible to overdose on this drug. The amount of codeine that it takes to overdose will vary from one individual to another. Some factors that play a role include one’s tolerance, gender, height and weight.
In general, most physicians advise taking no more than 360 mg of codeine per day. The estimated dose required for a fatal overdose falls between 500 to 1,000 mg.
Common codeine overdose symptoms include:
Those who mix codeine with other substances and drugs will be more likely to overdose. Fortunately, it’s possible to treat a codeine overdose with naloxone, or Narcan. This drug is an antidote capable of reversing the effects of an opioid overdose.
The Evergreen at Northpoint treats all types of addictions. We can tailor our outpatient treatment program to the needs of each client. Those who are struggling with a codeine addiction will find the support and help that they need with us. Our ability to completely tailor each addiction treatment program to the needs of each client ensures that we have a high success rate.
Those who rely on our recovery programs will receive not only support while they are with us, but also access to an alumni program once they have completed one of our programs. Many people have found success with addiction recovery programs. We’re confident that we can help anyone who is struggling with codeine addiction get their lives back on the right track.
To learn more about our outpatient program, give us a call at 877-951-2184. You can also reach us by filling in our online contact form. We have a team of specialists available 24/7 to answer any questions or concerns.